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Mr. Javeed Iqbal Bokhary
Pakistan National Committee on Irrigation Drainage (PANCID)
Office of the Chief Engineering Adviser/Chairman
Federal Flood Commission
Plot No. 6, Ataturk Avenue
Sector G-5/1, Islamabad

Tel : +92 51 924 4623
Fax : +92 51 924 4621
Email : pancid@ffc.gov.pk


Mr. Ahmed Kamal
Chief Engineering Adviser / Chairman
Federal Flood Commission
Chairman PANCID
Building No. 6, Sector G-5/1

Tel : +92-51-9244600
Fax : +92-51-9244621
Email : pakfloodcommission@hotmail.com, ifmengineer@gmail.com


Mr. Waseem Nazir
Vice President, ICID
Regional Director, Mott MacDonald,
Managing Director, MM Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd.
17-A/1, Zafar Road, Lahore Cantt

Mob : +92 300 844 3986
Email : waseem160@hotmail.com, corporate@mmpakistan.com


Ch. Altaf Hussain
Vice President Hon., ICID
Managing Director
Pakistan Consultants International
161, Scotch Corner
Upper Mall, Lahore 54000

Tel : +92 42 872 058, +92 42 576 4014
Fax : +92 42 575 4014


Mr. Shams ul Mulk
Vice President Hon., ICID
House No.12, Street No. 42
Sector F-7/1

Tel : +92 51 2651353
Mob : +923335218688, +923008553009
Fax : +92512105661
Email : intisar7959@hotmail.com


Mr. Khalid Mohtadullah
Vice President Hon. ICID
41 T, Street 10
DHA Phase II

Email : k_mohtadullah@hotmail.com


Engr. Dr. Illahi B. Shaikh
Vice President Hon., ICID
House No. 955, Street No. 29
Opposite to I
Sector G-9/1

Tel : +92519261659
Mob : +923009542075
Email : ibshaikh3@hotmail.com


Engr. Husnain Ahmad
Vice President Hon., ICID
Immediate Past President
Pakistan Engineering Congress
Director General, National Accountability Bureau
Federal Board of Revenue (FBR)
Revenue Division, Constitution Avenue, G-5

Tel : 051-9201353
Mob : 0300-8461330
Email : husnainahmad@hotmail.com, info@pecongress.org.pk


Mr. Fazal Rehman Kashif
Pr. Engineer, NESPAK
c/o Pakistan National Committee on Irrigation Drainage (PANCID)

Email : kashifd5@hotmail.com

Member - WG-SDRG


Dr. Muhammad Dr. Muhammad Latif
Director and Professor
Centre for Excellence in Water Resources Engineering
554-M Model Town Extn

Tel : +92426822558, +92426822024, +92426821100
Fax : : +92 42 6822024
Email : drmlatif@yahoo.com

Member - EB-JOUR


Mr. Husnain Ahmad
Vice President Hon., ICID
Address as above

Member - PFC


Prof. Dr. Abdul Sattar Shakir
Dean Faculty of Civil Engineering
University of Engineering and Technology
P-3, Staff Colony
University of Engineering " Technolog
Lahore 54890

Email : shakir@uet.edu.pk

Member - WG-HIST


Prof. Dr. Allah Bakhsh
Professor / Chairman
Department of Irrigation and Drainag
University of Agriculture

Tel : 041-9200882
Fax : 041-9200764
Email : bakhsh_uaf@yahoo.com, bakhsh@uaf.edu.pk

Provisional Member - WG-WATER & CROP


Dr. Muhammad Basharat Chaudhry
Additional Director,
International Waterlogging and
Salinity Research Institute (IWASRI)
WAPDA, Lahore

Tel : '+92 3334492610
Email : basharatm@hotmail.com, iwasriwapda@yahoo.com

Member - WG-ENV


Mr. Muhammad Tahir Anwar
Director General
Federal Water Management Cell
Ministry of National Food Security and Research
Government of Pakistan

Tel : '+92-51-9245103
Mob : '+92-302-8563224
Fax : '+92-51-9245102
Email : mtahiranwar@gmail.com, mtahiranwar@yahoo.com

Member - WG-SON-FARM


Mr. Javeed Iqbal Bokhary
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : pancid@ffc.gov.pk

Provisional Member - WG-CLIMATE


Mr. Usman-e-Ghani
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : un_98@hotmail.com, usman_e_ghani@yahoo.com

Provisional Member - WG-M&R


Mr. Mirza Asif Baig
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Tel : '0261-2705320, 2705242
Mob : '0912-2612556
Email : Pciw.induswaters@gmail.com

Member - WG-CDTE


Mr. Abdul Wahab Siyal
SSO, Climate Change and Alternate Energy
Water Resources Institute (CAEWRI)
NARC, Islamabad.

Email : wahab_siyal@hotmail.com

Provisional Member - WG-BIO-FUEL


Mr. Ahmed Kama
Chairman PANCID
For address see Sl. No. 2

Provisional Member - ASRWG


Dr. Ashfaq Ahmed Sheikh
Director General/Focal Person
PCRWR, Islamabad.

Email : ashfaq_sheikh@hotmail.com

Provisional Member - WG-WATS


Mr. Tariq Altaf
Vice President NESPAK/
Head Water Resources Division
NESPAK, Lahore.

Email : ta@tariqaltaf.com, vp@nespakwr.com

Provisional Member - WG-IDM


Dr. Qazi Tallat Mahmood Siddiqui
Deputy Engineering Adviser (Civil)
Office of CEA/CFFC

Provisional Member - WG-IOA


Mr. Rafaquat Ali
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Provisional Member - WG-IDSST


Dr. Muhammad Munir Ahmad
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : munir.wrri@gmail.com

Provisional Member - WG-NCWRI


Mr. Waseem Nazir
Vice President ICID

Email : waseem160@hotmail.com, corporate@mmpakistan.com

Member - PCSO


Mr. Ahmed Kamal
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : husnainahmad@hotmail.com

Member - ASRWG


Engr. Syed Mahmood-ul-Hassan
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : muhassan.12@gmail.com

Member - WG-AFM


Mr. Raquib Khan
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : pancid@icid.org

Member - WG-MWSCD

Links of Interest
ICID Strategy for Implementing Sector Vision - Water for Food and Rural Development and Country Position Papers, 2000

ICID – Irrigation & Drainage in the World – A Global Review

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Pakistan is a nation in Southern Asia having India, China, Afghanistan and Iran are as its neighbours.




The present population of Pakistan is 130 million, out of which rural population constitutes 67.5 %. The livelihood of rural population is mainly on agriculture which is dependent mainly on irrigation. Small home dairy supplements the income of rural population. About 97% of Pakistan’s people are muslims. Islam, the muslim religion is the chief linkage among the various cultural groups that make up Pakistan population.




The total geographical area of Pakistan is 79.61 Mha, of which 59.32 Mha falls under total reported area which is a sum of forest area, cultivated waste lands, uncultivable area and the area under cultivation but not available. Punjab and Sind are the two provinces in which the real agricultural wealth of Pakistan lies. These areas fall in the Indus Basin. Pakistan has agricultural land potential of about 28.39 Mha which constitutes about 40% of the total reported area. The total cropped area, whether irrigated or rainfed, constitutes 23.04 Mha. Forests occupy 3.59 Mha and culturable waste area is 22.04 Mha.


Climate and Rainfall


The climate of Pakistan is tropical in the plains and sub-tropical in the mountainous region. Temperature ranges from mean monthly minimum of 4oC during December and January to mean monthly maximum of 38oC during June and July. Rainfalls in the country vary spatially, less than 10 cm in some parts and more than 50 cm in the other parts. Most of the rainfall occurs during monsoon period (July to September) in the form of torrential showers. Much of the summer rainfall is, thus, not available for agriculture because of the rapid runoff. At other times, the showers may be so light that precipitation evaporates before the water can penetrate to the root zones of crops. The contribution of rain to crops in the irrigated areas of Indus Basin has been estimated at about 7.4 Billion Cubic Meter (BCM). The rate of evaporation ranges from 150 to 200 cm annually. Therefore, there is a need for assured irrigation supplies in a large part of Pakistan, the rainfall being either meagre or unreliable.


Water Resources


The flows of Indus rivers system constitute the major surface water resources of Pakistan. The average runoff of these

rivers is about 199 BCM. The inflow to the rivers is the highest during monsoon and is derived from snow glacier melt and rainfall. The ground water resources of the country exist in the form of vast aquifers in the Indus plain which have been recharged in the geological times from natural precipitation and river flows, and more recently, by the seepage from canal systems and agricultural fields. The estimated usable ground water potential in the country is 66.6 BCM (54 MAF). The ground water pumpage in the Indus Basin has increased from 4.12 BCM (3.34 MAF) in 1959-60 to 59.2 BCM (48 MAF) in 1996-97. The private tubewells account for withdrawal of 46.2 BCM (38 MAF) and public tubewells account for 12.3 BCM (10 MAF). The annual ground water potential of areas of outside the Indus Basin is estimated at 1.74 BCM (1.41 MAF).

In Pakistan, basin, furrow, and border irrigation methods are traditionally practiced. The basin method is most common. Due to higher yeild of application efficiency, the drip, bubbler and sprinkler irrigation methods have been introduced in Baluchistan under international support programmes, but being expensive, they have not been adopted yet by the private sector. The irrigated land supplies more than 90 % of agricuductionltural production, and 70% of all import earnings are derived from agriculture. About 95 % of the country’s water resources are used by agriculture. The total cropped area in the country is 23.04 Mha which also includes area sown more than once. Almost about the same area is uncultivated at present. The present irrigation system comprises 3 storages reservoirs, 21 barrages/headworks, 12 inter-river long canals, 2 major syphons and 45 main canals. The total length of main canals, link canals, branches and distributaries etc. is about 56,360 km. The system has about 100,000 outlets and length of farm channels and water courses is about 1.61 M km. The annual canal head withdrawals are presently about 140 BCM.




The sustainability of irrigation and agriculture systems is mainly dependent on the actual flow of rivers taking place in 5 months of high summer. Thus, to stagger the peak summer flows, three surface reservoirs have been constructed in the past. These are the Mangla reservoir constructed in 1967 on River Jhelum with a live storage capacity of 6.6 BCM, Chashma reservoir on Indus in 1971 with a capacity of 0.6 BCM and Tarbela on Indus in 1975 with a capacity of 11.5 BCM. After two and a half decades, the storage capacity of existing reservoirs has decreased by 22 % but the population has increased more than 100 %. Thus, there is a need to increase the storage capacity in the existing reservoirs and to create new facilities.


Water Quality


The chemical quality of waters of the rivers is excellent for irrigation. Though it contains some soluble salts, but the contents vary for each river. The total soluble salts range from 100 ppm during high flows to about 200 PPM during low flows. On an average, 140 BCM water is diverted to agricultural lands, thus about 23.3 million tonnes of salts are being added to soil annually even through excellent quality canal water. The deterioration of water quality in the downstream direction is primarily from natural causes (evaporation, tributary inflows) becacause little irrigation drainage is returned to the river system at present. The water quality in tributary streams in the more arid areas is considerable poorer than in the major rivers. Typical concentrations of total dissolved solids range from 200 to 1000 ppm in the perennial Gomal River and 500 ppm to 2500 ppm in the Lehri Nallah, a non-perennial stream.


The quality of ground water is highly variable in various parts of the country both vertically and horizontally - from completely fresh to extremely saline. In total, 60 % of the Indus plain is underlain by useable groundwater.


Waterlogging and Salinity Problems


The problem of waterlogging and salinity has developed due to arid climate, flat topography, seepage from unlined earthen canals systems, poor water management practices, inadequate provision of drainage, insufficient irrigation supplies and use of poor quality drainage water. The magnitude of the salinity/sodicity problems can be gauged from the fact that at one stage, the area of productive land was being damaged by salinity at a rate of about 40,000 ha per year. In the latest WAPDA Survey covering 16.72 Mha, both surface and profile salinity/sodicity was established through chemical analysis of solids. This survey indicated that in terms of slightly, moderately, and strongly saline soils, about 25 per cent of the area is affected by surface salinity. Comparison with past surveys has indicated that the land affected by surface salinity has decreased 42 % in the early 60’s to about 25 % in 1977-79.


Water Sustainability Issues


The major issues for sustainability of water resources identified in Pakistan are - equity in water distribution, O&M and cost recovery, environmental degradation, coordination between irrigation and agriculture departments, and water delivery efficiencies. Presently, within a watercourse command water delivery to the head farmers is generally 32 % and 11 % more than to the farmers at the tail and middle levels respectively. Inequity in water distribution betwen head and tail is of the order of 20-50%. Presently, about 30% of the irrigated area is waterlogged, 13% highly waterlogged, while soil salinity is estimated to affect the farmers by 25% in the production of major crops. Over 11 Mha area is estimated to be affected by water erosion, while about 5 Mha area suffers from wind erosion. The water supplies by Irrigation Department are fixed accordingly to time schedule, irrespective of actual needs of the end users, while technical advice rendered by Agriculture Department is general in nature without accounting factual water supplies through canals and other causes. This results in either wastage of water in the form of excess supplies to the farmers who do not need that, or under stress conditions to crop where supplies can not be made in excess due to rigidities of the system. Overall irrigation efficiency ranges from 35 % to 40 %. Water course average delivery efficiency established by WAPDA Survey are about 55 %. Based on WAPDA Survey results, delivery efficieincies for different situations range from 44 % to 64%.


Future Challenges and Options


It is estimated that the population of the country would rise to 175 million by the year 2010. In order to be self-reliant in agriculture, the field are to be increased by 50%, cropping intensity is to be maintained to the level of 150% and additionally an area of 2 Mha is to be brought under irrigation commands. The water resources engineers and planners find a great economical advantage in the storage of some part of non-utilized 28.83 BCM water in some suitable reservoirs. Despite massive investment in irrigation sector and agriculture, Pakistan, at present, faces food shortages which are likely to become more actute in near future. Scarce water availability and continuous degradation of soil due to waterlogging and salinity, water and wind erosion, sodicity, flooding and ponding are some of the major obstacles in the achievmeent of self sufficiency. In order to achieve the envisaged growth target in agriculture, irrigation water requirements as estimated for the year 2000 and 2013 would be 176.5 and 254.6 BCM (143.1 and 206.4 MAF) respectively. With the three major dams completed, the water availability for the future has been estimated to be 156.2 BCM (126.6 MAF) in the year 2025. However, in the absence of dams when most of the water is flowing to the sea, only a meagre potential of 30.8 BCM (25 MAF) is left for development of surface water resources. To meet the food requirements of the increasing population, it is proposed to keep the cropping intensity to 150 % and bring another area of 2 Mha under irrigation command. By June 1995, drainage facilities in a gross area of 6.02 Mha were completed. An additional 2.96 Mha area is being brought under drainage. For this purpose the National Drainage Program (NDP) was approved in 1997 at the total cost of Rs. 31.4 billion. Improved irrigation methods are being encouraged to achieve higher water application efficiency at places where irrigation tubewells are installed. Partial lining of water courses is also being considered to minimise conveyance losses. Suitable cropping pattern is being evolved and a rational water pricing policy to meet the requirements of water equity is being planned.


Pakistan and ICID


Pakistan joined ICID in the year 1953 and has actively participated in all ICID events since then.


Pakistan hosted the 37th IEC meeting in Lahore in 1986 and 5th International Drainage Workshop in Lahore in 1992. Mr. M.A. Hamid (1961-64), Ch. Altaf Hussain (1981-1984), Mr. Shams ul Mulk (1989-1992), Mr. Khalid Mohtadullah (1995-1998), Dr. Illahi B. Shaikh (2007-2010), Engr. Husnain Ahmad (2010-2013) from the Pakistan National Committee have been the past Vice Presidents of ICID. Pakistan National Committee is actively represented by 12 members in 19 Work Bodies of ICID. 20th Congress on Irrigation and Drainage and 59th International Executive Council meeting was held at Lahore in October 2008.

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