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Australia

63rd IEC Meeting

Hosted 63rd International Executive Council Meeting and 7th Asian Regional Conference, 24-30 June 2012, Adelaide, Australia


A.NATIONAL COMMITTEE
1.

Mr. Momir Vranes
Chair
Irrigation Australia's Committee on
Irrigation and Drainage (IACID)
PO Box 283
Ashgrove QLD 4060

Tel : +61 451 955 215, +93 729 28 26 63
Email : mvranes@hotmail.com

B.NATIONAL COMMITTEE PRESIDENT / CHAIRMAN
2.

Ms. Kathleen Heuvel
Deputy Chair
Irrigation Australia's Committee on
Irrigation and Drainage (IACID)
PO Box 202
Fortitude Valley Qld 4006

Tel : +61 427 138 118
Email : kheuvel@growcom.com.au

3.

Mr. Bryan Ward
Member, IACID
P.O. Box 863
Mascot NSW 1460

Tel : +61 2 8335 4000
Email : bryan.ward@irrigation.org.au
Website : http://www.irrigation.org.au

4.

Mr. Peter Hayes
Member, IACID
P.O. Box 863
Mascot NSW 1460

Tel : +61 418 842 700
Email : grapwine@senet.com.au

5.

Mr. Geoff Harvey
Member, IACID
P.O. Box 863
Mascot NSW 1460

Mob : +61 418 888 876
Email : geoff.harvey@irrigation.org.au

6.

Mr. Peter Durand
Member, IACID
P.O. Box 863
Mascot NSW 1460

Mob : +61 407 975 401
Email : Peter.Durand@netafim.com

7.

Mr. Eddie Parr
Member, IACID
P.O. Box 863
Mascot NSW 1460

Tel : +61 412 359 131
Email : ammenviroservices@gmail.com

8.

Mr. Carl Walters
Member, IACID
PO Box 1752
Shepparton VIC 3630

Tel : +61 3 5822 7700
Email : carlw@gbcma.vic.gov.au

9.

Mr. Ian Atkinson
Member, IACID
PO Box 203
Spring Hill QLD 4004

Tel : +61 7 3026 0823, +61 439 009 339
Email : Ian.atkinson@bigpond.com

10.

Dr Amgad Elmahdi
Member, IACID
Bureau of Meteorology
GPO Box 1289
Melbourne VIC 3001

Tel : +61 3 8638 8274, +61 0400 122 665
Email : Amgad.elmahdi@bom.gov.au

11.

Mr. Erik Schmidt
Member, IACId
NCEA ' Uni of Southern
Queensland West Street
Toowoomba QLD 4350

Tel : +61 7 4631 1347, +61 423 029 976
Email : Erik.schmidt@usq.edu.au

D.ICID OFFICE BEARERS - HONORAIRE
12.

Prof. Hector M. Malano
Vice President Hon., ICID
Professor
Water Resources Management
Department of Infrastructure Engineering
University of Melbourne
Vic 3010

Tel : +61-3-8344 6645
Mob : +61 (0)417 369
Fax : +61-3-8344 6215
Email : h.malano@unimelb.edu.au

13.

Mr. J.S. Abbott
Vice President Hon., ICID
Unit 196, T Tighe Street
Jolimont WA 6014

Tel : +61 9 384 9476, +61 9 362 5627
Email : abottja@bigpond.com

14.

Prof. D.J. Constable
Vice President Hon., ICID
3 Walden Road
Mentone VIC 3194

Tel : +61 3 583 6380
Email : djvc@bigpond.com.au

15.

Dr. Willem F. Vlotman
Vice President Hon., ICID
2/21 Gordon Withnall Crescent
Dunlop, ACT 2615

Tel : +61-(0)2-6259 2424 (H), +61-(0)2-6279 0175 (W)
Mob : +61 (0)417 369 731
Email : vlotmanwf@bigpond.com

E.MEMBERS OF ICID COMMITTEES/WORKING GROUPS
16.

Prof. Hector M. Malano
Vice President Hon., ICID
Professor, Water Resources Management
Department of Infrastructure Engineering
University of Melbourne
Vic 3010

Tel : +61-3-8344 6645
Mob : +61 (0)417 369
Fax : +61-3-8344 6215
Email : h.malano@unimelb.edu.au

Joint Editor - EB-JOUR

17.

Dr. Tapas Kumar Biswas
Assistant Director'Salinity Strategy
Murray Darling Basin Authority
GPO Box 1801
Canberra ACT 2601

Tel : +61(2) 62790574
Mob : +61 409 444 379
Email : tapas.biswas@mdba.gov.au

Member - WG-PQW

18.

Mr. V.C. Ballard
Ballard Consulting
1063 Burke Rd
Hawthorn Eas
Vic 3123

Tel : +61 3 9882 1588,
Mob : 0419 161 811
Email : ballardc@eftel.net.au

Secretary - WG-DROUGHT

19.

Mr. Stephen Mills
Chairman
Irrigation Australia's Committee on
Irrigation and Drainage (IACID)
37 Maple Crescent
Numurkah VIC 3636

Tel : 03 5862 1777, 0407 318 751
Email : stjmills@bigpond.net.au

Member - ASRWG

20.

Dr. Biju George
Senior Research Fellow
Department of Infrastructure Engineering
The University of Melbourne
Engineering Block D
University of Melbourne
3010 AUSTRALIA

Tel : 61 3 83446876
Email : biju@unimelb.edu.au

Associate Editor - EB-JOUR

21.

Mr. Carl Walters
Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority
PO Box 1752
Shepparton 3632
Victoria

Tel : 03 58227711
Fax : 03 58227711
Email : carlw@gbcma.vic.gov.au

Young Professional - WG-SON-FARM

22.

Ms. Anne Currey
For Address See S.No. 1 Above.

Email : anne@naturallyresourceful.com.au

Member - C-PR&P

23.

Ms. Kathleen Heuvel
Deputy Chair, IACID
PO Box 202
Fortitude Valley Qld 4006

Tel : +61 427 138 118
Email : kheuvel@growcom.com.au

Chair - IYPeF ; Vice Chairman - PCSO

24.

Dr. Amgad Elmahdi
Head of Water Resources Section
Climate and Water Division
Bureau of Meteorology
GPO Box 1289
Melbourne VIC 3001 OR 700 Collins Street
Docklands VI 3008

Tel : +61 3 8638 8274
Mob : +61 0400 122 665
Fax : +61 3 8638 8200
Email : amgad.elmahdi@gmail.com, A.Elmahdi@bom.gov.au, Amgad@nbcbn.com

Member - WG-IDM ; Provisional Member - TF-WWF8

Links of Interest
ICID Strategy for Implementing Sector Vision - Water for Food and Rural Development and Country Position Papers, 2000

Directory Contents..

COUNTRY PROFILE - AUSTRALIA

Physiography

 

The mainland of the Australian continent lies between latitudes 10°S and 40°S, a zone which in the northern and southern hemispheres contains most of the deserts.

 

The Commonwealth of Australia comprises six States, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, and has a total area of 7,684,000 km2. Of the total area some 4 to 5 million km2 comprise arid and semi arid land. 33 per cent of the total area is still public land. A third of this public land consists of various kinds of Crown land, with few exceptions, is useless for crops or livestock because of aridity or ruggedness. About 63 per cent of the total area is devoted to farms and pastoral activities. Crop lands are about 150,000 km2 and permanent or rotational pastorals account for about 252,000 km2. Area irrigated for crops is about 5 per cent of the cropped land, i.e. 740,000 ha; there are also about 764,500 ha of irrigated pastures.

 

Background Information

 

While irrigation applies only to 0.4 per cent of Australia’s agricultural land, it accounts for $A7.3 billion — or 25 per cent — of Australia’s gross value of agricultural production.

 

It supports significant value-added industries based on producing rice, dairy products, wine, fruit, vegetables, sugar and cotton — much of which are exported. It provides jobs and wealth for Australia’s rural communities. And it uses more than $A9 billion of water industry assets.

 

While Australia accounts for 0.3% of the world’s population it accounts for around 1% of global water resources. This would seem to make Australia relatively water-rich, and indeed, much of water is used for irrigation that goes into products that are exported. However, Australia accounts for around 5% of the world’s landmass, and on this basis, is a relatively dry continent compared to the rest of the world – only Antarctica is drier. It also experiences extreme variability in both rainfall and streamflow across the continent and from season to season. This means Australia has been at the forefront of irrigation water management and has adapted its management systems to cope with this variability.

 

The Murray-Darling Basin is Australia’s most important region for irrigated agriculture.

 

The Basin, which lies across four states and one territory, contains almost three-quarters of the nation’s irrigated land in Australia. It covers 1.06 million square kilometres. It is also the most regulated catchment in the world and is facing issues related to increasing dryland salinity, over-allocated water resources and declining water quality.

 

The Murray-Darling Basin Initiative is a partnership between the Australian Government, each of the relevant state/territory governments and the community. It has led to significant achievements in tackling water resource and other natural resource issues including :

  • Implementation of an upper limit on water diversions in the Basin
  • Development and implementation of the Salinity Management Strategy
  • A program of actions to improve the environmental outcomes for the Murray River and key surrounding wetlands to ensure the river‘s ongoing health.

Challenges being addressed by Australian irrigation industries

  • Managing rapid change (eg through implementation of water reforms)
  • Responding to market signals, including for water management and use
  • Improving efficiency – on farm, supply infrastructure and through movement of water to higher value uses
  • Managing their resource base sustainably, including water, land, biodiversity.
  • Contributing to regional and national wealth

Governments developing the framework for water management and use

 

Australia’s states and territories are responsible for managing their land and water resources.The Australian Government has played — and continues to play a leading role in developing and implementing nationally agreed policies for efficient,profitable and sustainable water and irrigation industries.

In 1994, the Australian, state and territory governments made a historic agreement about the future management of water resources. The agreement was about new government policy and regulatory approaches to encourage efficient and sustainable management and use of resources.

This meant encouraging effective responses to market signals from those directly involved in water resource management and from users.

 

The water reform framework encompassed urban and rural water and wastewater industries and includes economic, environmental and social objectives. The reform program was aimed at improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of water services and instituting water management planning to take into account the effects of all water use by agriculture, industry, households and the environment.

 

The water reform framework explicitly linked economic and environmental issues within a coherent and integrated package of reform measures. These measures included :

  • pricing water for cost recovery and removing cross subsidies
  • comprehensive systems of water allocations and entitlements, separated from land, and backed by secure access rights to water
  • providing for trading in water entitlements
  • specific provision of water for ecosystems
  • water service providers to operate on a commercial basis
  • improved institutional arrangements, including separation of service provision from regulation and devolution of responsibility to the lowest possible level
  • public consultation and education.

Measures did not preclude new development but required that investment in new infrastructure is both environmentally sustainable and economically viable. This includes full cost recovery of the construction and ongoing costs from beneficiaries of the new infrastructure.

 

All states and territories have actively implemented the reforms and have made significant progress. Water trading, for example, has increased. Local irrigators have taken on responsibility for irrigation management. And the environment has been recognised as a legitimate water user.

 

National Water Initiative

 

In August 2003, the Council of Australian Governments agreed to refresh its 1994 water reform agenda to increase the productivity and efficiency of water use, sustain rural and urban communities, and ensure the health of river and groundwater systems.

 

The National Water Initiative is the next phase in improving management of water in Australia. The National Water Initiative provides an opportunity for a win-win outcome for both production and the environment and builds on the fundamental water reforms of the past ten years.

 

The National Water Initiative focuses on six key elements :

  • a framework for nationally compatible water access entitlements, maximising economic value while maintaining healthy rivers and aquifers;
  • an efficient water market;
  • best practice water pricing;
  • integrated management of environmental water;
  • accurate measurement, monitoring and reporting; and
  • urban water reform.

The National Water Initiative is about encouraging investment in the water industry and water-using industries while making explicit provisions to ensure sustainable management of the resource base. The focus is on resource allocation and investment based on market responses rather than top-down government policy.

 

Complementary programs/on-ground initiatives

 

The Australian Government is also addressing reform of the water industry and improved natural resource management through integrated action at the regional scale. Regions vary biophysically, socially and culturally engendering a range of possible responses to the social, economic and environmental values and threats they face. In developing regional solutions and actions it is also important to involve those closest to the problems and opportunities — landholders, industries and regional communities.

 

Regional approaches complement and build on the progress achieved through the water reform framework, and other developments in natural resource management. Major regionally-based programs include the Natural Heritage Trust and the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality. Information on these two programs can be obtained at http://www.nht.gov.au/index.html and http://www.napswq.gov.au/ respectively.

 

Research & Development

 

The Australian Government has made substantial commitments to research and development that support sustainable use and management of our surface and ground water resources through a range of government funded research institutions.

 

The States and the Murray-Darling Basin Commission also undertake research and development supporting sustainable use and management of our water resources.

 

Irrigators contribute to commodity related research and development corporations through a levy system which raises funds that are then matched by the Australian Government. Research by these corporations address production and productivity issues as well as natural resource management issues relating to their particular commodity industry.

A number of Australia’s larger irrigation water service providers contribute to research and development supporting sustainable irrigation, as does ANCID.

The Future

 

Ongoing water reform processes, investment in regional action and investment in knowledge and information supporting sustainable irrigation means that the future will see irrigated industries and businesses in Australia :

  • That are efficient - they produce more product with less water;
  • That are profitable.
  • That have sufficient certainty over future resource access to support the investment to improve output and efficiency;
  • That are responsive to market signals and involved in water trading (including with urban communities) as well as land and product trading;
  • That monitor, benchmark and report on their own water management performance;
  • That continue to support and generate wealth for their communities; and
  • That enjoy an improved natural environment which provides natural resources can be utilised sustainably to support profitable and sustainable irrigation businesses

Australia and ICID (ICID NCA)

 

Australia joined ICID in 1952, and has since been actively associated with ICID activities at national as well as international level. Australian National Committee hosted the 10th IEC at Canberra, in 1969, 34th IEC at Melbourne in 1983, 5th Afro-Asian Regional Conference at Townville in 1985 and 2nd Asian Regional Conference at Echuca/Moama in 2004. Australian National Committee is actively represented in 18 ICID workbodies. Prof. Hector Malano was the Chairman of PCTA, Joint Editor of Irrigation and Drainage. Dr. Ing. Willem F. Vlotman is the Chairman, Australian National Committee (ICID NCA), Theme Leader of 'Systems', Chairman of WG-DRG, Secretary of WG-MIS. Mr. Ronald East (1959-62); Dr. J.S. Abbott (1962-65); Prof. D.J. Constable (1987-1990); Dr. Hector Malano (2000-2003); Dr. Willem F. Vlotman (2009-2012) were the Vice Presidents. At present, Mr. Bryan Ward, Executive Officer and Mr. Andrew Ogden is the Chairman of Irrigation Australia Limited (IAL).

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